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The Purpose of the 70 Week Prophecy
"In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem…Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy" (Dan.9:2,24).
I. What does Gabriel mean by 70 Weeks? "Seventy of sevens are determined (i.e. 490 years). A day equal -ing one year (Gen.29:1-30, Note: v.27 "week", Num.14:1-38, Note: v.34, Ezek.4:1-6, Note. v.6 "each day for a year"). The reason why Judah was sent into 70 years of Babylonian Captivity was because they failed to let the land rest every seventh year (Lev.26:14, 31-33, 2Chron.36:21-22 / Jer.29;11-12).God works in patterns of sevens or "Weeks" (Gen.2:1-3). One week of days, i.e. 7 days / 7x1= 7 days, Exod.20:10-11. And a week of weeks, i.e. 7 Sabbaths / 7x7=49 days, Lev.23:1-36. And a week of months, i.e. 7 months And a week of years, i.e. 7 years /7x7=49 years, Lev. 25:8. The same is true in His Redemptive Plan. (Review: Phase 3, Page 1 and 2) II. Why was it "determined" (decreed) upon Daniel's people
A. Because God was keeping His Covenant (promise)
Jacob prophesied that “the sceptershall not depart from Judah (Daniel's people / Dan:1:3, House of Judah / Jews - the children of the flesh of Abraham, Rom.9:1-5, Gen.12:1-2; 15:1-21, Gen.49:10, Exod. 2:25, Matt.1:1-17) until Shiloh  comes. Note: "scepter" not depart until… Rom.9:5, Heb.9:1-10 / Gal.3:24. 1. Shiloh (Jesus the Messiah) came just as God promised
After Jesus was anointed by the Spirit of God (Matt.3:5-17, John.1:29-42), Andrew and Simon said, “We have found the Messias, (Shiloh / Messiah)  which is, being interpreted, the Christ" (John.1:38-41). The Samaritan woman saith unto him, I know that Messias, (Messiah) cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things" (John.4:25-26). John says, we beheld Jesus, the Messiah as the “only begotten of the Father” (John 1:14, Matt.3:17), the Word made flesh (John.1:1, Gen.1:1).
2. When Jesus came He confirmed the Covenant that He made with the father's
Now "I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers" (Rom 15:8, Gal3:16-17) which began with to Adam and Eve (Gen.3:1-24), Note:v.15, to Noah (Gen.6:9:8-17), to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Gen.12:1-2; 15:1-6 / Gal. 3:1-29 / John.8:56), to Moses (Deut.18:15, Acts.3:22), to David (1Chron.17:1-17, Acts.2:29-34) to Jesus (Messiah the prince / The Word Dan.9:25, John.1:1-14, Matt1:23) who makes “reconciliation for iniquity” (Dan.9:24, Isa.53:5, Titus.2:5, Heb.8:10-12; 10:14-17) Peter says that Jesus was “foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you." (1Peter.1:18-20, Rev.13:8; 17:8, Matt.13:34-35) John writes, "In the beginning was the Word (Jesus John.1:14) and the Word was with God, and the Word (Jesus John.1:14) was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made." (John 1:1-3, Heb.1:1-2 / Col.2:14-18)
B. However "his own received him not" (John.1:11)
The apostle Paul writes, "I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my heart. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came" (Rom.9:1-5, Heb.10:5, Phil.2:1-8, Rom.8:3). This was their part in God's Great Redemptive Plan. "As concerning the flesh Christ came" (Rom.9:1-5).
B. Did Israel's unbelief make God's Covenant fail?
Paul says absolutely not! He says, "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect (fail because Israel rejected Christ) For they (the children of the flesh of Abraham / the Jew today) are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac (the Church Gal.4:28  / The Israel of GodGal.6:15-16) shall thy seed be called (Gen.15:1-6; 21:1-12, Gal.4:21-28). That is, they which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: (i.e. Israel) but the children of the promise (The Church / Isaac Gal.4:28) are counted for the seed" (Rom.9:6-8; 2:28-29, Eph.2:11-19). God still has His Israel: it is the Church (His Bride to be) which includes the Jew and the Gentile together in Christ (Eph.2:1-19; 3:1-12). His Plan has NOT failed, it is on schedule. God is NOT "slack" 2Peter.3:1-9.Review: Description of the 12 Phases.
Note:The children of the flesh of Abraham were a part ofGod's purpose (Rom.9-11). The apostle Paul, who was taught by Jesus (Gal.1:11-12), uses the example of Isaac and Ishmael (Gen.15: 1-6; 16:1-15; 21:1-13 / Gal.4:21-31), Esau and Jacob (Gen.25:19-34) to explain God's purpose (Gal.4:21-31, Rom.9:1-33, Note.v.8-11, Eph.3:1-12).
IV. A Reminder of the purpose of the Seventy Week Prophecy? Daniel was told "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish thetransgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring ineverlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy" (Dan.9:24).Our interpretation of the 70 Week Prophesy must include all these things.
A. Where was Daniel prophesying?
He was prophesying during the "the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, which was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans; In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in he desolations of Jerusalem" (Dan.9:1-2, 2Chron.36:22, Jer.29:10). Therefore the Seventy Weeks is future to Daniel.
B. 70 Weeks are determined (decreed) "to finish transgression" What is “transgression?”  It is a revolt (national, moral or religious). It has been translated in the King James Version as rebellion, sin, transgression, trespass, offend, rebel, revolt, transgress (-ion, -or). This began with Adam (Rom.5:11, Isa.53:8), and will not be not finished until the man of sin is destroyed by Jesus at His Second Coming (2Thes.2:1-8) and the Dragon (the old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan - Rev.12:9), is cast into the bottomless pit for a thousand years (Rev.20:1-2).
Note: Keep in mind that transgression must be finished within this 70 Week period, because it is PART of the PURPOSE of these 70 Weeks. ONLY JESUS can bring an end to transgression. This is why the context is the coming Christ, Messiah the Prince.
C. 70 Weeks "to make an end of sins" The "end of sins" (Dan.9:24), meaning to close up; especially to seal. KJV - make an end, mark, seal (up), stop. Jesus paid the price for our sin on the Cross (John.1:29, Cor.6:20, 1 Peter.1:18-20, Heb.9:24) but sin has not stopped (Rom.5:10-12, Ezra.6:7; 8:35, Neh.4:5; 10:33, Matt.12:31, John.5:14; 8: 7; 16:8, Acts.7:60, Rom.6:12; 7:12; 14:23, 2Thes.2:3)
Note: Keep in mind that SIN MUST END within this 70 Week period, because it is PART of the PURPOSE of these 70 Weeks. A further confirmation that this prophecy is about Messiahthe Prince (the anointed one) The Word made flesh / the only begotten of the Father / Emmanuel (God with us) / the Son of God / the son of man.
D. 70 Weeks "to make reconciliation for iniquity" Only Jesus can make reconciliation for iniquity. This was made at the Cross(2Cor.5:18-19, Heb.2:17,4:14- 16; 9:24, Eph.2:11-19, Col.1:20)! Note: it is "to make reconciliation for iniquity" not to end iniquity. When Daniel prophesied that "from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah...shall be seven (7) weeks, and threescore and two (62) weeks" he was pointing to Jesus(John.1:41; 4:25) who would make reconciliation for iniquiry when He was "cut off, (crucified on the cross) but not for himself" (Dan.9:26, 2Cor.5:21 / John.3:14, Num.21:9) John.1:41; 4:25).
Note: This prophecy is centered around Jesus Christ, Messiah the Prince.
E. 70 Weeks "to bring in everlasting righteousness"
Once the 70 Weeks are completed there must be "everlasting  (eternal, forever) righteousness." Only JESUS came bring this to pass because there is no other sacrifice for sin (2Cor.5:21). This must be included in our interpretation of these 70 Weeks (Dan.9:24).
Note: Keep in mind that everlasting righteousness must be included in this 70 Week period, because it is PART of the PURPOSE. This is why the context of the 70 Week Prophecy is the coming Christ, Messiah the Prince.
F. 70 Weeks "to seal up the vision, prophecy, anoint the most Holy"
1. Seal up the Vision and Prophecy
What is "seal up? To "seal" is to close up; especially to seal. It has been translated into the KJV as - made an end, mark, seal (up), stop. Jesus will return when "the seventh angel sounded"
(Rev.11:15, Dan.2:44-45). "when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as
he hath declared to his servants the prophets" (Rev 10:7, Acts.3:19-24, Note:v.21). This must be
included in our interpretation of these 70 Weeks, because it is PART of the PURPOSE of these 70 Weeks. This is why the context of the 70 Week Prophecy is the coming Christ, Messiah the Prince.
2. To anoint the Most Holy(This must be studied in the context of Daniel's people)
a. What is the anointing?
The first mention of "anointing" is when Jacob anointed the rock (Gen.28:18). The next time is where Moses was given the pattern for making the "anointing oil" (Exod.30:22-33). This pattern (type) is our schoolmaster (Gal.3:24, Heb.10:1) to bring us to Christ (The Messiah /
The anointed One, the reality / fulfillment of the Old Covenant anointing oil.
After Moses anointed the Tabernacle, God inhabited the Most Holy Place (Exod.40:1-38) and it became operational / functional. Aaron the High Priest and his sons (the Priesthood) were anointed into service(Exod.28:1-43, Note:v.41). Samuel anointed Saul into the position of King (1Sam.10:1). David was anointed as King (1Sam.16:13, 2Sam.5:3). Solomon was anointed into service a king of Israel (1Kings.1:39).
c. What is the Most Holy?
The "most holy" is first mentioned in the Tabernacle of Moses. (Review: Phase 4, Page 10) This was where God's presence dwelt (Exod.25:8- Exod.40:1-38). This pattern continued and expanded in David's Tabernacle (Phase 7) and Solomon's Temple (Phase 2, 11, 12).
Note: Jesus said to stand in the Holy Place(Matt.24:15).
G. Seven of these 70 weeks is "to restore the city and Sanctuary"
Gabriel told Daniel, "Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks" (Dan 9:25) i.e. Seven weeks (i.e. 49 years).
H. Sixty-two (62) Weeks waiting until the Messiah / Jesus
"Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: (62 / 434 years) the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself” (Dan.9:25-26).
I. The Temple / Sanctuary being destroyed is part of the 70 Weeks
"And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined" (Dan.9:26-27).This happened70 AD. Jesus said, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house" (Matt.24:15-18, Mark.13:14, Luke,21:21-22).
Note: The "abomination" was their (i.e. Daniel's people / the Jews) "unbelief" (Rom.9-11) in Christ the Messiah, (the Word made flesh, John.1:1-14) and His sinless blood fulfilled the animal sacrifices, causing them to “cease.” (Review: Phase 5, Page 7)
J. This abomination has Overspread until the consummation "And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, (the end) and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate" (Dan 9:27).