I. Pertaineth (pertains) the adoption
    "Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and
    the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who
    is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen." (Rom.9:4)

   A.   The Israelites - God changed Jacobs name his to Israel Gen.32:24-28)
          1.  Jacob had twelve sons (Gen.49:1-
          2.  From these twelve sons came the chilren of Israel (Israelites / Jacob Gen.49:1-28)

   B.   Pertaineth the adoption - placed as sons - Strong's Con.NT# 5206 / from a presumed compound of G5207 and     
          a derivative of G5087; the placing as a son, i.e. adoption (figuratively, Christian sonship in respect to God):—
          adoption (of children, of sons)

          1.  This is because they were to be reconciled through the blood of Jesus Christ, the Messiah. (John.1:11, Eph.2:16)
               which the glory, covenants, Law, the service of God, and the the promises all pointed to. (Heb.9:1-10; 10:1-25) 

   C.   The Gentiles were also adopted - (Rom.8:15, 23; 9:4, Gal.4:5, Eph.1:5)
         1.  Same Greek word as used to describe the Jews (Rom.9:4)
         2.  There is not a diferent standard for the Jew and the Gentile