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I. A pattern for interpreting the Prophets
     
     God has ONLY ONE purpose
(Eph.3:1-12) and every Book of the Bible (which includes the Prophets) must
    be
 
 studied ("rightly divided
 (2Tim.2:15, Heb.4:12, 1Cor.2:1-14, John.16:12-15) woven together) [2] within this
     context. 
Proverbs says. "He that answereth (answers) a matter (an overall view of God's purpose from Genesis to
     Revelation) before he heareth (hears) it is folly (silliness:—folly, foolishly, foolishness 
1Cor.1:20-29) and shame
     unto him."
(Prov.18:13)

     
The Prophets will never contradict the overall Purpose of God. (Matt.13:10-17, Rom.3:21-33; 16:25-26,
     1Peter.1:10-12, 2Peter.3:1-2, Rev.10:7; 11:15)


​     A. This pattern is a simple process

            The apostle Paul told the Corinthian Church that he feared, "lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve
            through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity
(singleness) [1] that is in Christ.
            Within the
language of the Prophets, was the language of the Law of Moses which was  schoolmaster to bring
            us to Christ.
(Gal.3:24, Matt.5:17-19, Rom.3:21-33; 16:25-26, 1 Peter.1:10-17 / Matt.13:10-17) This was their
          single
 
purpose "that in all things He (The Lord Jesus Christ) he might have the preeminence."
​          
(Col.1:18)
























​​
          1. The first step: Find out when was the Prophet prophesying


​                 We begin here because we need to know if the Word of the Lord through Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel,
              Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephanah, Haggai, Zechariah,
​              Malachi
 came to pass during their life time. This is
done by reading the the first chapter of each Prophet,
                 and the first few verses.
For example: Isaiah says that he was prophesying "concerning  Judah and
                 Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, 
(2Chron.26:1-23; 27:1-2)  Jotham, (2Chron.26:21-23-27:1-9) Ahaz, 
                 
(2Chron.27:9; 28:1-27) and Hezekiah, 2Chron.29:1-36; 30:1-24; 31:2-20; 32:2-15) kings of Judah.

                 Now compare Isaiah.2:1-4 with the conditions of the people of God, and the Temple during the reign
                 of these kings. (When reading Isaiah you cannot find the fulfillment of this prophecy during their his time    
                 therefore you must look forward to Step #2)


​                       
 





















       
   2. The second step: Was their prophecy fulfilled between their time and the
              Babylonian Captivity


                 This requires an understanding of the condition of the House of Judah from king Hezekiah, (2Chron.29:1-
                  36; 30:1-24; 31:2-20; 32:2-15)
 Manasseh, (2Chron.33:1-20)  Amon, (2Chron.33:21-25) Josiah, (2Chron.34:1-27)
                 Jehoahaz,
(2Chron.36:1-4) Jehoakim, (2Chron.36:5-8) Jehoachin, (2Chron.36:9-10) to king Zedekiah     
                 
(2Chron.36:11-19) Note: Chart below. If their prophetic Word does have not have it's fulfillment during the
                 time of these kings, then the next place to look is the Babylonian captivity for
70 years. (The Book of 
                 Lamentations) would cover this period





















          3. The third step:  The 70 year Babylonian captivity of the House of Judah

                 Note: The
House of Israel had been already been taken into captivity many by the Assyrians years before
                 this.
(2Kings.17:18-23) Only the House of Judah remained. 

                 During this period of time (captivity to Babylon) there was only destruction and captivity
(2Chron.36:12-21) 
                 for the House of Judah (the Jews / the 
natural seed of Abraham. (Note: Psalms.137) There was nothing
                 inspired of the Holy
Ghost during his time. A quick overview of the Book of Lamentations written by 
                 Jeremiah
Chapter 1 - The ruin of Jerusalem and misery of the exiles, because of their sins. Chapter 2 -
                 Jehovah, the ancient
defender of Israel, has given up his people to their awful fate. Chapter 3 - Jeremiah's
                 grief over the
afflictions of his people, - his trust in God, and his own persecutions, Chapter 4 - The former
                 glory of Israel 
constructed with their present miseryChapter 5 - A prayer for mercy.























          4. The fourth step:  time between the end of the captivity to the Cross

                 This period of time can be divided into the reign of the kingdom of Media Persia (Ezra and Nehemiah)
                 and the reign of the kingdom of Greece. (The silent years between the Old and New Testaments) Note:
                
Daniel prophesied this while in the 70 year Babylonian captivity.  Now compare Isaiah.2:1-4 with the
                 conditions of the people of God, and the Temple "from the going forth of the commandment to restore
                 and to build Jerusalem"
(Dan.9:24, Ezra / Nehemiah) and the wait "unto the Messiah the Prince." (Dan.9:24,
                  John.1:41; 4:25) 




















                 When reading Isaiah.2:1-4 and you cannot find the fulfillment of this prophecy during their his time    
                 therefore you must look forward to Step #5)


          5. The fifth step: After the Cross to the Second Coming (New Testament)


                   If a prophetic Word spoken by the prophets (as in Isa.2:1-4has not been fulfilled before the Cross, then
                 it must find it's fulfillment after the Cross, and before the
Second ComingThis is because "the
                 heaven must receive (retain / Hold)
[3] until the times of restitution (restoration)[4]of all things,
                 which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began...Yea, and all the
                 prophets from Samuel (including
Isa.2:1-4) and those that follow after, as many as have spoken, have
                 likewise foretold of 
these days." (i.e. the days of restoration) (Acts.3:19-24, Rom.16:25-26, 1Peter.1:10-12,
​                  Rev.10:7; 11:15)

              Note: This explains why Jesus has not returned yet. Not "all things" that the the Prophets (Isaiah,  
                 including 
Isa.2:1-4)  Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk,
                 Zephanah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malach) have said have not been restored yet.






















     
B. Applying this pattern to Isaiah.2:1-4

          "The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall come to pass in the
           last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be
           exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let
           us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and
           we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And
           he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into
           plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall
​           they learn war any more."
(Isa.2:1-4)

         1.  When was Isaiah prophesying? (Step #1)
                 
                 The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, 
                
 (2Chron.26:1-23; 27:1-2)  Jotham, (2Chron.26:21-23-27:1-9) Ahaz, (2Chron.27:9; 28:1-27) and Hezekiah,  
      
          (2Chron.29:1-36; 30:1-24; 31:2-20; 32:2-15) kings of Judah. When reading Isaiah you cannot find the
                 fulfillment of this prophecy during their his time therefore you must look forward to Step #2)





















         2.  Did Isa.2:1-4 happen between Isaiah and the Babylonian captivity? (Step #2)

                 Read about Hezekiah, (2Chron.29:1- 36; 30:1-24; 31:2-20; 32:2-15) Manasseh, (2Chron.33:1-20)  Amon, 
              
  (2Chron.33:21-25) Josiah, (2Chron.34:1-27) Jehoahaz, (2Chron.36:1-4) Jehoakim, (2Chron.36:5-8) Jehoachin, 
              
  (2Chron.36:9-10) to king Zedekiah (2Chron.36:11-19) The mountain of the Lord's house was not established
                 in the top of the mountains, and exalted above the hills; and all nations did not shall flow unto it. Hezekiah
                 was the only king that attained this. Neither did the kings after Hezekiah. The Spirit of God through Isaiah
                 (as did Haggai
Haggai.2:1-9) was reaching back to the first house that Solomon built  when "all the earth
                 sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart."
(1Kings.10:1-24)


         3.  Did Isa.2:1-4 happen during the Babylonian captivity? (Step #3)


                 During this period of time (captivity to Babylon) there was only destruction and captivity 
(2Chron.36:12-21) 
                 for the House of Judah (the Jews / the natural seed of Abraham. (Note:
 Psalms.137) There was nothing 
                 inspired of the Holy Ghost during his time. 


          4.  Did Isa.2:1-4 happen between the end of the captivity to the Cross? (Step #4)

                 This period of time can be divided into the reign of the kingdom of Media Persia (Ezra and Nehemiah)
                 and the reign of the kingdom of Greece. (The silent years between the Old and New Testaments) Note:
                 Daniel prophesied this while in the 70 year Babylonian captivity.  Now compare 
Isaiah.2:1-4 with the 
                 conditions of the people of God, and the Temple "from the going forth of the commandment to restore 
                 and to build Jerusalem" (
Dan.9:24, Ezra / Nehemiah) and the wait "unto the Messiah the Prince." 

                 (Dan.9:24, John.1:41; 4:25) 

                 When reading
Isaiah.2:1-4 and you cannot find the fulfillment of this prophecy during their his time    
                 therefore you must look forward to Step #5)























         5.  Does Isa.2:1-4 happen after the Cross? (Step #5)

                 This is a "crucial" point because what Isaiah prophesied (Isa.2:1-4) has not come to pass yet. [5]
                   
Now we are living in the New Testament [6] / Covenant with no natural house in existence
                 
destroyed 70 AD, and neither is there any promise to rebuild. [8] 




NOW (in the New Testament / Covenant) "the most High 
                 dwelleth not in temples made with hands" (Acts.7:48; 17:24, John.2:18-20, 1Cor.6:19-20, Eph.2:20-22, 
                  1Tim.3:15, 1Peter.2:5)





which is a confirmation (i.e. a completion)
                 
[7]of the Old Covenant (Heb.9:1-19; 10:1-4, Gal.3:16-17, Rom.15:8, Matt.5:17-19) This means that Isaiah
              is
prophesying about the Church, because their is no natural house in existence,
neither is there any  
                 
promise to rebuild
.[8] It was destroyed 70 AD. NOW (in the New Testament / Covenant) "the most High
                 dwelleth not in temples made with hands"
(Acts.7:48; 17:24, John.2:18-20, 1Cor.6:19-20, Eph.2:20-22,
                  1Tim.3:15, 1Peter.2:5)


                 Note: This same pattern applies to all the prophets









































          
Isaiah (Isa.2:1-4) was prophesying the prophetic"type"of what happened at the dedication of
           Solomon's Temple when "all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his  
           heart."
(1Kings.10:1, 24) The language that Isaiah is using is the language of the Pentateuch (Genesis through
           Deuteronomy) and the History Books. (Joshua through to Kings and Chronicles) to prophecy "unto us"
           
(1Peter.1:10-12) 

            
Some may ask, "How can Isaiah be prophesying about the last day Church when his word
           is "concerning  Judah and Jerusalem?"
(Isa.2:1)

     
     
1.  The answer is, after the Cross there are two Jerusalem's and two Judah's. 

               
 a.  The natural / earthly city of Jerusalem

                       In the
"last day" (the last or end, hence, the future) [9] natural / earthly Jerusalem is "spiritually
                       called Sodom and Egypt"
(Rev.11:8) and "Ishmael. (Gal.4:25) This happens to be during the time given
                       to the man of sin / antichrist where he has power "over all
 (Rev.11:1-)

                       Ask 
yourself these questions:-

                       (1)  In the last days, will all nations shall flow unto it natural / earthly Jerusalem which "spirituallycalled
                             Sodom and Egypt?
                       (2)  In the last days will "many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let 
us go up to the mountain of
​                              the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and 

           we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And 
           he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into 
           plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall 
​           they learn war any more." (Isa.2:1-4)

               b.  There is the heavenly Jerusalem 

​                       You (the Church) "are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly
                       Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, To the general assembly and church of the
                       firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made
                       perfect,
 which is "the general assembly and Church of the firstborn." (Heb.12:18-22) Interpreted as
                       Isaac.
(Gal.4:28)

       
   2.  After the Cross there are two Judah's

               a.  The natural / earthly Judah

​                    
The earthly Judah began with one of the 12 sons of Jacob (Israel Gen.32:28) called Judah. (Gen.49:1-28,
                        Note:v.8-12)  From these twelve sons came the children of Israel / Jacob. (Gen.49- Exod.12:1-) who were
​                      brought out Egypt as one holy nation, through the

                      Red Sea, through the wilderness, into the the Land, stopping at Solomon's Temple. However, Solomon
​                      did not fully the Lord and the United Kingdom was divided in two. The House of Israel and the House of 
                      Judah. The House of Israel was removed out of God's sight because of Sin, but The House of Judah was
                      preserved.

​Iwill make a covenant with Judah.     Jeremiah 31:31
Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a newcovenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:












​      God does not have one Redemptive plan for the  Jews and a separate one for the Gentiles. (Eph.2:1-22, 
                 Rom.3:23; 11:32)













               b.  The heavenly / spiritual Judah



Jeremiah 31:31
Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a newcovenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations
Hebrews 8:8
For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations
Hebrews 8:13
In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations
Hebrews 12:24
And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.
In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations

















There is aThis is an "infallible" interpretation because it is by the "inspiration of God."
(2Tim.3:16-17) Therefore it is plain to see that the Holy Spirit would NOT be signifying through Isaiah (1Peter.1:10-12) that "Sodom and Egypt" would be the Lord's House? The Holy Spirit of God would NOT say that "all nations shall flow unto" Ishmael, and He would NOT say through Isaiah (1Peter.1:10-12) that God would "teach us out of Ishmael / Sodom and Egypt.


Coming Soon----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Page 2   Apply the pattern to the Prophet Haggai
Page 3   Apply the pattern to the Prophet Amos
Page 4   Apply the pattern to the Prophet Ezekiel 
Page 5   Apply the pattern to the Prophet Joel
Page 6  Apply the pattern to the prophet Zechariah

Note: Eventually we will apply this same pattern to all the Major and Minor Prophets
















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